Budapest – EN
Partner in FLOW: BKK Centre for Budapest Transport
Budapest is the capital city of Hungary and its economic and political centre, being the largest metropolitan area in Central Eastern Europe. Budapest is the seventh largest city in the European Union. It is considered a financial hub in Central Europe with a developed service sector. Budapest is a leading city in Central Eastern Europe in the implementation of transport management organisational schemes, in charge of integration of different transport modes, and of building organisational capacity for the implementation of sustainable measures.
The whole agglomeration around Budapest (Pest County including 80 settlements) has 800,000 inhabitants and generates 400,000 car trips/weekday (which is 2/3 of all trips). The main transport challenges of Budapest are inner city congestion, parking problems, lack of high quality intermodal interchanges and poor connections between specific parts of the city.
Activities in FLOW
Budapest’s sustainable mobility goals
In Budapest’s first SUMP-based transport development strategy, called the BMT Balázs Mór Plan, the city set a goal of 10% modal share for cycling by 2020. Its current level is 2.3%. One means to help achieve this is a public bike system. BKK launched its MOL Bubi public bike sharing system in September 2014 with 1,100 bikes and 76 docking stations – many in the congested inner city. MOL Bubi was extended in 2015 up to 1,150 bikes and 91 stations due to the first successful period of operation. BKK is also implementing a bike-friendly Bubi area in the city centre to support the bike sharing system and cycling in general. Measures taken in the rubric include bike lanes, advanced stop-lines, traffic calming and contraflow bike lanes.
Macroscopic modelling in FLOW
Within FLOW, with the support of Technical Support Partners, BKK will collect data that will be used to recalibrate the existing macroscopic Visum model of Budapest which currently has limited integration of cyclists. Specific features of the cycling-friendly area will be modelled and tested (ex-ante) and evaluated (ex-post) for their effects on congestion.
The outcome of modelling will help determine what impact the MOL Bubi scheme and the supporting measures have on congestion in Budapest, that is, whether it effectively helps to meet the city’s cycling modal share goals and relieve inner city congestion.
More information is available on the official webpage of Budapest and BKK: